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The hottest supercars are mid-engined

The hottest supercars are mid-engined

by: Rex Truman

The hottest supercars are mid-engined: Ferrari F430
The hottest supercars are mid-engined: Ferrari F430 image By The359 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons

For ultimate performance, the mid-engined layout is used for supercars – just like it is on racing cars. Typical mid-engined supercars are the Ferrari F430, Lamborghini Murcielago and Noble M400. Mostexotic supercars are also mid-engined.

The mid-engined layout has these advantages over front-engined cars:

There is more weight over the rear wheels, but not too much, so traction is good
Because the driver sits in front of the engine, the car can be lower, reducing frontal area and the center of gravity. That means a higher top speed and better cornering.
Aerodynamics of mid-engined cars are usually the best
Because there is no propeller shaft taking the drive from the front to the back, mid-engined cars are usually lighter than front-engined cars

Those add up to a big advantage in performance. These cars are usually powered by V-type engines, or boxer engines, as these are lower and take up less room than in-line engines.

Gearbox usually behind the rear axle

Mid-Engined Supercars: Lamborghini Murcielago
Mid-Engined Supercars: Lamborghini Murcielago image By Thesupermat (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
To get the weight well back, the gearbox is usually mounted behind the rear axle gears as a transaxle. The weight distribution is about 42% front to 58% rear to 39% front to 61% rear. Any more weight at the back upsets the handling balance.Because the weight of a mid-engined car is concentrated at the middle, there is less force tending to spin the car when it corners than a front-engined car, which is more like a dumbbell. But, things happen faster with a mid-engined car! If you upset the balance badly when cornering, the car can spin very quickly.

To get the power onto the road, the rear tires are wider than the front ones on a mid-engined car – usually about 30% wider. The wider rear tires also make the cars more stable at high speeds.

Used on racing cars first

Mid-Engined Supercars: Noble M400
Mid-Engined Supercars: Noble M400 image By Mark Harkin (DSCF0345) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
The mid-engined layout was adopted first for single-seater racing cars, and then for sports racing cars before being adopted for road cars.Ferrari and Lamborghini have been making mid-engined supercars for many years, and many smaller companies make mid-engined cars as well. The cheaper supercars usually have front engines, and are more like ordinary cars – except in their performance.

Lola GT a trend-setter

Mid-Engine Supercar: Lola Mk6 GT
Mid-Engine Supercar: Lola Mk6 GT image By David Merrett (Flickr: Lola) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
One of the first mid-engined sports racing coupes was the Lola GT, which was ahead of its time with a monocoque body – that is the body panels formed the structure. Its competitors, like the Ferrari Testarossa, all had tubular frames, which were heavier and not so stiff. It became the model for the Ford GT40 racing cars, and later this layout became popular for supercars.The advanced structure of the GT40 helped Ford beat Ferrari at Le Mans and in other long distance races. Now, you can buy a Ford GT supercar, similar in looks to the GT40, but bang up to date.

What about rear-engined cars like the Porsche 911? Rear-engined cars have the engine behind the rear wheels, so there is a lot of weight on the rear wheels. Also, because the engine sticks out behind, when the car starts to slide, the mass of the engine keeps it going. This is not the best layout, although it makes quite a practical 2+2.

About The Author

Rex Truman has been writing about fast cars and supercars for many years, and runshttp://www.special-supercars.info/, an informative site about supercars.

Article Source: Article City

Ferrari F430 Review Of A Top Sports Car

Ferrari F430 Review Of A Top Sports Car

Although the supercar moniker has long been faded into memory, the Ferrari F430 still holds that reputation of being one of the finest supercars in this generation. For a lot of sports car enthusiast and maybe the rest of the crowd, one significant requirement in buying or owning a sports car is not all about the price. It’s all about the brand and it should turn heads when you are in it, as when it comes to open-top or convertible sports cars with an unrestricted budget, it can only follow a single direction, it will definitely be the Ferrari F430.

Ferrari F430 Review – The Sleek and Sexy Design

One single look with a Ferrari F430 and it will definitely make anyone’s mouth water, as this sleek, sexy, and attention-grabbing supercar can really make anyone heads turn. In the genre of supercars and sexy automobile machinery, the Ferrari F430 is among the best. Sporting an irresistible sleek look, colour, and engine sound, the Ferrari F430 is incomparable. While a bit hunkier and taller than previous Dino-descended Ferrari V8’s, the Ferrari F430 design is unquestionably and quintessentially super in every way. With a redesigned body that is more aerodynamic and more curvilinear contours, this sleek supercar can guarantee to make anyone stop in their tracks.

The Ferrari F430 still possess its Ferrari heritage like the Enzo’s tail lights at the rear, the Testarossa-styled side mirror and the front bumper large oval openings. The supercar is not only an attention-grabber due to its appearance, as the Ferrari F430 also attracts attention by the sounds if its engine. Even with the reverberation of various engine sounds on the streets, the Ferrari F430 engine sounds is simply magnificent and glorious to hear. People on the streets simply stop when they hear its engine sounds long before the supercar makes its appearance.

Ferrari F430 Review – What a Powerful Engine

Sporting a powerful 4.3-litre V8 engine and with a 483bhp unit that undoubtedly delivers great aural pleasures, it is also among the finest and superb performance engine of its kind. Linked to a high-performance six – speed transmission (F1-style set up or manual) and a full use of the Ferrari F430 brilliant electronic differential, it is excellently and perfectly designed to transfer huge amount of torque levels to the road even under exceedingly high cornering G-forces. The magnificent V8 engine provides every owner of the Ferrari F430 with amazing and superb driving performance and the finest driving experiences every owner will ever encounter. The Ferrari F430 has a top speed of 320 Km/h (200 mph), as the supercar can sprint from 0 – 100 Km/h (62 mph) in a blurring 4.0 seconds quicker than the previous model of 0.3 seconds.

Ferrari F430 Review – Variants

The Ferrari F430 had begun production in 2004 – 2009 replacing the previous Ferrari 360 model, and from there, other F430 variants were introduced on the market.

• Ferrari F430 Spider – based on the coupe, it is the convertible version, as it is the 21st of Ferrari’s road going convertible.
• Ferrari F430 Challenge – it is the racing version of the Ferrari F430 for the Ferrari Challenge. Although, the car’s weight has been decrease, the engine virtually remains the same, as it can reach a top speed of 315 Km/h (196 mph). In January 2005 at the Los Angeles Auto Show, the first production model was unveiled.
• Ferrari F430 GT2 – the GT2 was build to replace the 360 GTC in 2006. A racing Ferrari model, it was planned to compete in international competition for the GT2 class.
• Ferrari F430 GT3 – originally based on the design of the F430 Challenge, this Ferrari racing car model was specially designed for the FIA GT3 European Championship. Likewise, it was utilized in other national GT championships like the FFSA GT and British GT.
• Ferrari F430 Scuderia – built to replace the Challenge Stradale, this Ferrari model was unveiled at the 2007 Frankfurt Auto Show by Michael Schumacher, as it is lighter and more powerful than the standard Ferrari F430.
• Ferrari F430 Scuderia Spider 16M – it is a convertible version of the F430 Scuderia and was made public at the World Finals in Mugello to commemorate the 16th victory of Ferrari in the Formula 1 Constructor’s World Championship 2008.

About the Author
Getting a new car is a great feeling. Whether you want a sports car, a luxury car, or just something that gets great gas mileage, you need to do your research. Find the information you need with the top Auto Reviews from this website: www.AutoRatingsandReviews.com